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Past Tense

A verb that refers to the past time is said to be in the past Tense. It has four forms:-

(A) The Past indefinite. ---- It is used:-

(i) To denote a single act in the Past; as,

1, l killed a snake.     2. She stood first in English.

(ii) To denote an habitual action in the past; as,

The Quaid-i-Azam worked (=used to work) till late at night.

(B) The Past Continuous. --- It is used to denote an action as going on at some point in the past time; as,

She was suffering from fever when l met her first.

(C) The Past Perfect. ---- It is used to denote an action completed at some point in the past time, before another action was begun. We use the Past Perfect Tense for the earlier action; and the Past Indefinite Tense, for the subsequent one; as,

1. The train had stopped, when we came out.

2. I had posted the letter, before I went to school.

(D) The Past Perfect Continuous. ---- It is used to denote  an action that was finished at some definite time in the Past, but which had been going on before it was finished; as,

1. It had been raining since 4 o’clock.

2. We had been playing hockey for twenty minutes,

The Prepositions since and for are used to denote a point of time and a period of time respectively.

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