THE KINDS OF THE VERB
There are only two kinds of the Verb: -
1. Transitive Verb
2. lntransitive Verb
The Transitive Verb. ---- If the action
denoted by a Verb passes over from the Subject to
the Object, it is
called a Transitive Verb; as,
Farhat eats rice in the evening.
The action denoted by “eats”, can not take place
without “rice." The Verb "eats," therefore, is Transitive.
Some Transitive Verbs take two Objects after them;
Ashraf sent me some apples.
Here, me is the first or indirect Object T ; and
apples, the second or Direct Object .
The lntransitive Verb. ---- If the action
denoted by a Verb does not go beyond the Subject,
it is called an lntransitive Verb; as,
The sun sets in the west.
The action denoted by "sets" stops with its Subject.
The Verb 'sets", therefore, is an lntransitive Verb
WEEK AND STRONG VERBS
Verbs are also divided into two classes according
to the manner in which they form the Past Tense
from the Present. These two classes are;-
1. Weak Verbs. 2. Strong Verbs.
The Weak Verbs. ---- If a Verb forms its
Past Tense by the addition of -d or -ed or –t ,
it is called a Weak Verb; as,
Believe ___ Believed. Divide _ Divided. (Addition
Call __ Called. Ask_Asked. (Addition of “ed")
“happy” Again the Verb elected in the second sentence
is Transitive and Field-Marshal Muhammad Ayub Khan
is its Object, but it cannot make complete sense
without the word “President of Pakistan". Such Verbs
are called Incomplete Verbs (or, Verb of Incomplete
Predication). And the word or words which complete
their sense are called their Complements. Thus happy
is the Complement in the first sentence; and President
of Pakistan, in the second.
Some Weak Verbs form their Past Tense with some
change of the inside Vowel; as,
Bleed _ Bled. Kneel __ Knelt. Catch __Caught. Pay_
The Strong Verbs.
lf a Verb forms its Past Tense by merely changing
the inside vowel of the Present Tense without having
“-ed” “-d” or “-t" added to its Present Tense, it
is called a Strong Verb; as,
Come ____ Came. Get_ Got. Sit_ Sat.
Some Strong Verbs form their Pest Tense by changing
the inner vowel and adding “-n" or “-en" in the
Past Participle form; as,
Go ____ went ____ gone Write
_ wrote _ written .