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A VERB is a word used for saying something about some person or thing. lt is the most important word in a sentence, because we cannot make a sentence without it.


There are only two kinds of the Verb: -

1. Transitive Verb
2. lntransitive Verb

The Transitive Verb. ---- If the action denoted by a Verb passes over from the Subject to the Object, it is

called a Transitive Verb; as,

Farhat eats rice in the evening.

The action denoted by “eats”, can not take place without “rice." The Verb "eats," therefore, is Transitive.

Some Transitive Verbs take two Objects after them; as,

Ashraf sent me some apples.

Here, me is the first or indirect Object T ; and apples, the second or Direct Object .

The lntransitive Verb. ---- If the action denoted by a Verb does not go beyond the Subject, it is called an lntransitive Verb; as,

The sun sets in the west.

The action denoted by "sets" stops with its Subject. The Verb 'sets", therefore, is an lntransitive Verb .


Verbs are also divided into two classes according to the manner in which they form the Past Tense from the Present. These two classes are;-

1. Weak Verbs.   2. Strong Verbs.

The Weak Verbs. ---- If a Verb forms its Past Tense by the addition of -d or -ed or –t , it is called a Weak Verb; as,

Believe ___ Believed.   Divide _ Divided.   (Addition of “d").

Call __ Called.   Ask_Asked. (Addition of “ed")

“happy” Again the Verb elected in the second sentence is Transitive and Field-Marshal Muhammad Ayub Khan is its Object, but it cannot make complete sense without the word “President of Pakistan". Such Verbs are called Incomplete Verbs (or, Verb of Incomplete Predication). And the word or words which complete their sense are called their Complements. Thus happy is the Complement in the first sentence; and President of Pakistan, in the second.

Some Weak Verbs form their Past Tense with some change of the inside Vowel; as,

Bleed _ Bled. Kneel __ Knelt. Catch __Caught. Pay_ Paid.

The Strong Verbs.

lf a Verb forms its Past Tense by merely changing the inside vowel of the Present Tense without having “-ed” “-d” or “-t" added to its Present Tense, it is called a Strong Verb; as,

Come ____ Came.  Get_ Got.  Sit_ Sat.

Some Strong Verbs form their Pest Tense by changing the inner vowel and adding “-n" or “-en" in the Past Participle form; as,

Go ____ went ____  gone                             Write _ wrote _ written .

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