There are altogether seven kinds
- Personal Pronoun. 2. Reflexive Pronoun. 3
. Demonstrative pronouns. 4. Distributive Pronouns.
5. Indefinite Pronouns. 6. Relative Pronoun
7. Interrogative Pronoun.
Let us deal with the two kinds that are the most
THE PERSONAL PRONOUNS
A Personal Pronoun is so called because it stands
1. The person speaking ; as, I, We, My,
2. The Person Spoken to ; as, You, Your,
3. The Person spoken of ; as, He, Her, its, Them.
The Personal Pronoun of the First Person.---
These Pronoun denote the person or persons
Besides the Personal and the Relative Pronoun
which are fully dealt with in this chapter, the
other kinds of Pronoun are briefly discussed below:-
1. A Reflexive Pronoun is formed y adding “self
” to my, your, him, her and it (as, myself,
herself, itself); and “Selves” to our your and them
( as, ourselves and themselves). It cannot, by itself,
be used as a Subject in a sentence. Thus it is wrong
to say: Myself took him to the doctor. It should
be: I myself took him to the doctor (or) I took
him to the doctor myself.
It is also called an Emphatic Pronoun.
- A demonstrative Pronoun is used to point
out the object to which it refers; (as, This
is yours. These are very useful). The only four
Demontrative Pronouns are this, that.
Speaking. The following is a table of these
|Number & Gender
The Personal Pronoun of the Second Person.-
These Pronoun denote the person or persons spoken
The following is a table of these Pronouns:-
- A Distributive Pronoun refers to persons or
things, one at time; as: Each of us has won a
prize. Neither of them is honest . Each is used
to denote every one of a number of number of
persons or things taken singly; either to denote
one or the other of the two; and neither, to denote
not the one nor the other of the two.
- An indefinite Pronoun refers to a person (or
persons) or a thing (or things) in a general way,
and not to any particular person or thing (as:
Some are born great. Many lost their lives. Nobody
attended the meeting). Other indefinite Pronouns
are all, somebody few anybody one, anyone, no
one and none.
The use of one needs special attention. lt is used
for people in general and is always followed by
ones when another reference is made to the same
Thus it is wrong to say: One has to do his duty.
It should be : One has to do one’s duty.
An Interrogative Pronoun is used in asking questions.
Who is he? Whose is that camera ? The only four
lnterrogative pronouns are who, whose, which and
The Second Person Singular Pronouns have gone out
of common use. The Second Person Plural Pronouns
are, therefore, used both as Singular and Plural.
However, Thou, Thy Thine and Thee are used for
The Personal Pronouns of the Third Person.---
These Pronouns denote the person or persons spoken
The following is a table of these Pronouns:-
SOME IMPORTANT POINTS ABOUT THE USE OF PRONOUNS
Here are some important points about the use of
A Personal Pronoun must be of the same Number,
Person and Gender as the Noun for which it
1. Jahanagir loved NurJahan. S he was a wise queen.
2. The girls requested their teacher to forgive
A Pronoun standing for a Collective noun is
in the Singular Number (and Neuter Gender), where
collective Noun is viewed as a whole; but it
is Plural, when it conveys the idea of separate
comprising the whole; as,
1. The jury gave its verdict after a few minutes.
2. The army murdered its officers.
3. The jury were divided in their opinion.
If two or more Singular Nouns are Joined by
"and," the Pronoun used for them is Plural as,
Naseem and Farhat work hard. They are admired by
lf two Singular Nouns referring to the same
person or thing are Joined by ”and,” the Pronoun
them is Singular; as,
Our class-teacher and scout-master is a perfect
The head clerk and accountant was on leave.
lf two or more Singular Nouns are preceded by
"each" or “every” the Pronoun used for them is
Every-teacher and every student is doing his duty.
lf two or more Singular Nouns are joined by
“or,” "either... ..Or, " or ” neither .. …nor,”
the Pronoun used for them in Singular; as,
Nikhat or Farhat was helping her mother. Either.
Nikhat or Farhat was helping her mother. Neither.
Nikhat nor Farhat was helping her mother.
If a Pronoun refers to more than one Noun or
Pronoun of different Persons, it must he of the
First Person Plural, in preference to the Second;
and of the Second Person Plural, in preference to
the Third; as,
1. You and I have done our duty.
2. You and he have done your duty.
lf a Pronoun of different Persons occur side
by side in the same sentence, we should place the
Person first and the First Person last;
You, he and I were class-fellows.
But lf some fault is to be confessed the first
Person should be placed first; as,
I and you decided the details of the conspiracy.