These italicized words are called
Prepositions. The prepositions like transitive verbs
have objects, hence the noun or pronoun which follows
a preposition is in the objective case. You will
not make mistake about the nouns, but you must remember
that only pronouns such as me, us. him. Them whom
can be objects :
I went with him.
Whom are you speaking to?
It is between you and me.
The following is a list of words which are generally
prepositions :--About. above, across, after, against,
among, at, before, between, behind, below. beneath.
but, by, down, during, except, for, from, in, into,
near. of, off, on, over. regarding. round, save.
since. though, till, to_ up, upon. With.
Special uses of some important Prepositlons
(i) At, in :-
(a At is generally used before the names of
villages and Small towns ; in is generally used
before the names of cities and countries :
Aslam lives at Khanewal, a small town in Multan
Akram lives in Karachi. John lives in London.
He lived in England for four years.
(b) At is used before a definite point of time
and in. before indefinite time :
He came at 5 o’clock.
I was born in l904.
(ii) In, into, to :
In is used in speaking of things at rest ; inm
and to are used in speaking of things in motion:
We saw him in the garden.
He walked into the garden.
The boy ran to school.
(iii) On, upon :
On is used in speaking of things at rest and
upon of things in motion :
The cat is sitting on the wall.
The cat sprang upon the table.
(iv) In, within :
In means at the end of; within means before
the end of :
l shall return in an hour.
I shall retum within an hour.
(v) By, with ;
By is used before the agent and with before
the instrument :
The snake was killed by him with a stick.
(vi) Between, among :
Between is used with two persons, among with
more than two :
He divided his property between his two sons.
The thieves divided the booty among themselves.
(vii) Beside, besides :
Beside means by the side of while besides means
in addition to :The dog sat beside his master.
Besides money. he gave food to the beggar.
(viii) Since, for :
Since is used before a noun or a phrase denoting
a point of time, where as for is used before a noun
or phrase denoting a period of time. Both since
and for are preceded by a verb in the perfect tense
I have been ill since Monday,
I have been ill for four days.
(ix) In, after :
In is used before a period of 'time in the future
; after is used before a period of time in the Past:
I will return in an hour.
He returned after two days.