(i) Coordinative so called
because they join sentences of coordinate rank i.e.,
of equal rank :
We shall go to the bazar and buy our clothes. These
sentences are independent of each other and can
be written separately :
(a) We shall go to the bazar.
(b) We shall buy our clothes. Hence they are of
The following are the principal coordinate Conjunctions
:-and, but, therefore. also, hence, however, so.
only or,as well as.
(ii) Subordinative, so called because they
join a subordinate sentence to a principal sentence
: I would die before tell a lie. I would die is
a principal sentence and can stand alone. But before
I tell a lie is a subordinate sentence and, depends
upon the principal sentence for its meaning.
The following are the chief subordinate conjunctions
that, because, as. since, last, it, though. Although.
Some conjunctions are used in pairs and are called
The following are the most frequently used pairs
(i) Either---or : Either Akbar or
Asghar may go.
(ii) Neither---nor : He is neither very
tall nor very short.
(iii) Both---and : Both Akbar and
Asghar may go.
(iv) Not only---but also : She not only
admired but also loved him.
(v) No sooner---than : No sooner did he
utter these words than he was stabbed.
(vi) Though---yet : Though he fell, yet
he was not hurt.
(vii) So---that : I am so tired that I
(viii) So---as : His writing is not so
good as yours.
Note 1 Notice that each member of the pair of conjunctions
precedes the same part of speech :
Thus : They were ready either for peace or war.
They were ready either for peace or for war (Correct).
Uses of some
(i) Since : This conjunction is always
preceded by a verb either in the Present indefinite
or Present Perfect and is followed by a verb in
the past Indefinite : It is a month .since he came
here. Four years have passed since my father died.
(ii) Unless, until, lest :
Unless means if not : Unless you work' hard, you
will not succeed.
Until means up to a definite time : I shall not
go until he comes.
Lest means so that not and is followed by the word
should :Take care lest you should fall.
(iii) As well as : lt adds the word to another
He as well as you is guilty.
Notice that the verb agrees with the first word.