|1. I said to him,
“Why are you late?”
||1. I asked him
why he was late.
|2. He said to me,
“Where is your father now?"
||2. He asked me
where my father was then.
|3. She said to
us, “When will the train arrive?"
||3. She asked us
when the train would arrive.
|4. I said to her,
“Is she suffering from fever?"
||4. I asked her
if she was suffering from fever.
|5. She said to
him, “Have you taken leave of your senses?"
||5. She asked him
if he had taken leave of his senses.
|6. I said to the
headmaster, “May I come in, sir?"
||6. I asked the
headmaster respectfully if l might come in.
You can see that in changing an Interrogative Sentence
from the Direct into the Indirect Speech:-
1. All Pronouns have been changed as explained
on direct and indirect page.
2. All Verbs have been changed as explained on
assertive sentences .
3 All words like “now” and “sir” have been changed
as explained on direct and indirect page.
4 “Said to” has, in each and every sentence, been
changed into “asked.”
5 lf the “question” in the Reported Speech begins
with an interrogative word (why, where, who, whose,
etc.), the lnterrogative word is followed by the
Subject of the Reported speech; and that, in its
tum, by the Verb. (Examples 2-3).
6. lf the “question” in the Reported Speech begins
with a Verb or an Auxiliary Verb (is, have, may,
are, can, shall, etc.), we place "it" after the
Object of the Reporting Verb; then comes the Subject
ofthe Reported Speech; and, last of all, the Predicate.
7. The mark of Interrogation is replaced by a full-stop.
It may be noted that, ln changing an lnterrogative
Sentence from the Direct into the Indirect Speech,
“said to” can also be changed into “enquired of,”
and “whether” may be used in place of “if"; as,
Direct Speech. ---- The policeman said to
me, “Where are you going?"
Indirect Speech. ---- The policeman enquired
of me where I was going.
Direct Speech. ----- She said to me, “Will
you listen to such a man?"
Indirect Speech. ----- She inquired of me
whether I would listen to such a man.
Indirect lnterrogative Sentences.--- Indirect
Assertive Sentences may be changed into the Direct
Speech by reversing the rules explained above; as,
1. Indirect Speech. ---- I asked him where
he was coming from.
Direct Speech. ---- i said to him, “Where
are you coming from?"
2. Indirect Speech. ---- The doctor enquired
of him if he had taken a bath.
Direct Speech. ---- The doctor said to him,
“Did you take a bath ’?”
3. Indirect Speech. --- She asked him whether
he would attend the meeting.
Direct Speech. ---- She said to him, “Will
you attend the meeting?"