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Imperative sentences

An Imperative Sentence, as explained on introduction grammar Page  expresses a command or a request.. And when it is changed from the Direct into the Indirect Speech.  This may well be grasped by comparing the sentences given below:-

Direct Speech Indirect Speech
1. I said to my brother, “Go away." 1. l told my brother to go away.
2. I said to my friend, “Kindly lend me your book.” 2. I asked my friend to be good enough to lend me his book.
3. He said to his companion, “Wait here, till l return." 3. He begged his companion to wait there till he returned.
4. The beggar said to me, “Please help me in getting some bread." 4. The beggar entreated me to help him in getting some bread.
5. I said to her, “Please lend me your camera for a week.” 5. I requested her  to lend me her camera for a week.
6. I said to my servant, “Polish My shoes at once,” 6. I asked (or, ordered) my servant Io polish my shoes at once.
7. He said to his sister, “Tell the truth." 7. He advised his sister to tell the truth.
8. She said, “Do not tell a lie, Aslam.” 8. She forbade Aslam to tell a lie. (Or) She advised Aslam not to teli a lie.
9. Farhat said, “Let us enjoy ourselves for an hour first.” 9. Farhat proposed that we should enjoy ourselves for an hourfirst.
10. I said, “Let me do what I like.” 10. I said that l might be allowed to do what l like.

You can see that in changing an Imperative Sentence from the Direct into the Indirect Speech:-

1. All Pronouns have been changed as explained on direct and indirect speech page .

2. Words like “here” and “now” and “Nominatives of Address" have been changed as explained on page Change In Other Words In Direct And Indirect Speech.

3. “Said to” is changed into “asked", “begged", “entreated”, “requested`Z "ordered", or “advised”, according to the sense ofthe sentence. (Examples 1-7).

4. The “Imperative Mood" of the Verb in the Reported Speech in changed into the “infinitive Mood". (Examples 1-8).

5. “Said” (or “said to”) is changed into “forbade", if a "command" or an "advice" is in the Negative, and “not” is omitted. (Example 8).

6. “Let” is changed into “should” or “might” and the Reporting Verb, ifneed be, is changed into “proposed”. ' (Examples 9,10).

Indirect Imperative Sentences .

Indirect Imperative Sentences may be changed into the Direct Speech by reversing  the rules explained above; as,

1. Indirect Speech. ---- He ordered his servant not to stay there.

Direct Speech. ---- He said to his servant, “Don’t stay here."

2. Indirect Speech. ---- The servant begged his master respectfully to pardon him.

Direct Speech. ---- The servant said to his master, “Pardon me, sir."

3. Indirect Speech. ---- I asked my friend kindly to lend me his book.

Direct Speech. ---- I said to my friend, “Please lend me your book.”

4. Indirect Speech. ---- He shouted to them to Iet him go.

Direct Speech. ---- He shouted to them, “Let me go.”

5. Indirect Speech. ---- I proposed to him that we should go out for a walk.

Direct Speech. ---- I said to him, “Let us go out for a walk ."

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